Contamination of water bodies, such as lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater, is referred to as water pollution. Our globe is already suffering from a severe water problem as a result of increased global warming and climate change. Furthermore, as the world’s population grows at an exponential rate, water resources are becoming increasingly polluted resulting in an increase in waterborne diseases.
We are all aware that water pollution is a serious problem, especially as we increase our production of potentially dangerous compounds. Water pollution not only results in contaminated water, but it also harms wildlife that relies on clean water to survive.
There are lot of factors that are causing the pollutants to enter into the water streams and pollute it. Some factors may not be our hands, but there are many things that we can do in our daily lifestyle to reduce the water pollution. We may be already aware of few of these changes, but do know what larger change it can bring about if followed by all the individuals collectively.
Let us look at some ways or changes that we can follow to reduce water pollution.
15 Simple Ways to Reduce Water Pollution that You Can Easily Follow:
1. Do Not Dispose of Oils in the Sink
Some of us may not realize the effects of throwing away the oil, grease or fat in the sink. The entire drainage system is affected with the oil present in the waste water. If this water is simply disposed into in the water streams (without any treatment), it can harm the marine life as well as pollute the water.
It is always preferable to dispose of oils in the trash or to collect all of your surplus oil in one bottle and discard it.
2. Do Not Throw Away Medicines
Never, throw the medicines in the flush or the sink. Even if you don’t need them, flushing pills, liquid or powder prescriptions, or narcotics down the toilet or crushing them in your kitchen sink disposal is not a good idea.
Hormones and other substances harm fish and other aquatic species, contaminate septic systems, and drinking water. Follow the necessary procedures for disposing of all forms of medical wastes in a safe manner.
3. Dish washing or Laundry
Use your dishwasher or washing machine only when it is nearly full. It’s a huge waste of water to use these machines to clean one or two dishes or a few pairs of clothes. The less water you use while washing, the less pollution you contribute to the environment.
You may reduce water pollution even more by using only phosphate free detergents to get the job done. Phosphates aren’t the only chemicals in cleaners that are dangerous. Phosphates cause algal blooms and reduce oxygen levels in the water, killing fish and other aquatic species.
4. Eat More Organic Food
Organic foods can be treated with chemicals, however they are typically made with little synthetic chemicals. Organic eating minimizes the amount of chemical contamination that enters the water supply. Between the chemicals required to cultivate food, the gasoline used to transport the crops, and the fuel used to operate farm equipment on industrial farms, the food we choose to consume has a major impact on environmental quality.
5. Reduce Meat Consumption
Raising animals for meat necessitates a large amount of water to provide them with the grains and other things they require, as well as to keep them alive. Additionally, both antibiotics and solid waste ends up in the groundwater and waterways.
6. Avoid Plastic Containers
In the water, plastic bottles can survive for decades. It is extremely difficult to decompose plastic once it has been manufactured. Much of the plastic we use ends up in the world’s water supply, making it much more difficult to remove and dispose of securely.
Instead, invest in some reusable cloth or plastic grocery bags which can be bought at a very less price (less than a dollar). Drinks should be stored in reusable, insulated containers, and filtered water should be made at home.
7. Maintain Your Vehicle on a Regular Basis
If you own a car, truck, or other mechanical device, you should make an effort to have it serviced at regular intervals. Leaking oil and other fluids from automobiles end up in the local water supply or flow off into creeks and streams.
If you are vigilant about maintaining and repairing your automobiles, this runoff problem can be simply fixed. Leaky seals, hoses, and gaskets can quickly escalate into costly mechanical issues. You can also save money by replacing worn parts.
8. Dispose of waste properly
Never pour anything down the drain that isn’t biodegradable. If you must use something dangerous to the water supply, such as paint or ammonia, be sure you properly dispose of it. If you’re not sure how to dispose of anything, go to your local government’s website or call your sanitation department to find out how toxic waste in your area should be handled. The following items should never be flushed down the toilet: Paint, Oil for automobiles, Solvents for cleaning, Ammonia, Chemicals for swimming pools etc.
9. Do not flush trash down the toilet
Throw them away instead of flushing them down the toilet. Items that don’t break down in the sewer system, such as diapers, wet wipes, and plastic tampon applicators, might cause problems. These things will eventually find their way into local streams, rivers, and other bodies of water, posing a risk to fish and other species.
You can also contribute by reducing the quantity of goods that wind up in landfills by utilizing cloth diapers, recycled toilet paper, and biodegradable tampons.
10. Stop soil erosion from happening
To help your soil, plant trees and local ground cover. When soil is eroded and washes into streams, rivers, and other bodies of water, chemicals in the soil combine with the water, causing issues for plant and animal life. The roots of the plants keep the soil in place, preventing it from falling into the water.
11. Water should be used with caution
While brushing your teeth, turn off the faucet. Bathing consumes significantly more water than showering. Do not, however, take 20-minute showers when a 10-minute shower will suffice. Every drop of water you save is a step in the right direction for the environment.
12. Simply put, don’t litter!
If you’re visiting a place with a lake, river, or ocean nearby, don’t dump any rubbish or litter into or near the water. Even if you put a wrapper on the beach, it will be picked up and carried into the water supply by the tide.
13. Reduce the use of chemicals
Homeowners want their yards to seem healthy and green. This urge for a lush lawn pollutes the water supply in two ways: Fertilizers and pesticides inevitably flow off into the water from plants and lawns. Choose landscaping that is climate-friendly. There are likely to be appealing plants that can grow with minimum support from additional chemicals no matter where you reside. This reduces the cost of maintaining the plants. You’ll also waste less water keeping those plants alive as a bonus.
14. Think about water pollution when shopping household items
Avoid issues with household chemicals and pesticides by avoiding items that contain persistent and harmful chemicals in the first place. Non-toxic and biodegradable cleansers, as well as pesticides, are now widely available. Spending a little more money on certain items reduces water pollution automatically.
15. Volunteer and lend a hand Beaches, rivers, and the surrounding area should all be cleaned.
If you can’t afford to donate, you can volunteer to assist clean up the local rivers or beaches, or to collect chemicals thrown away by locals. Join some environmental organizations that require volunteer effort on a regular basis.
Subscribe to my newsletter
Follow us on twitter @DecodingBiosph1