Advantages and Disadvantages of the Impact of Science and Technology on the Ecological Environment

Nowadays, science and technology have positive and negative impacts on social ecology, which are manifested in the development of science and technology and the utilization of environmental resources. In the 21st century, we must protect the ecological environment so that science and technology and the ecological environment can develop sustainably. To this end, human beings must adhere to the principle of sustainable development and contribute to the protection of the ecological environment, which is the common goal of our human beings. This article will bring us relevant enlightenment.

Positive impact

The ecological environment is the abbreviation of the environment composed of ecological relations, and it is the sum of various natural forces that are closely related to human beings and affect human production and life. Therefore, no matter how high the level of scientific and technological development is, the degree of human impact on the ecological environment will be as deep as possible, and the two are directly proportional. We must pay attention to the impact of science and technology on the ecological environment, which is a major issue that requires the common attention of the whole world.

1. Science and technology are primary productive forces

In foreign countries, the basic principle of Marxism is that science and technology are productive forces. Marx once pointed out that productivity includes science; he also profoundly pointed out that the productivity of social labor is first of all the power of science. Today, the prosperity of any country requires the support of science and technology, as well as the work and life of human beings. The countries rely on science and technology to get rid of poverty. The main driving force behind modern economic development is science and technology, which is also an important manifestation of a country’s comprehensive national strength and sustainable development.

2. The role of science and technology

The rapid advancement of science and technology can not only promote national economic development, but also protect the ecological environment. Rational use of science and technology can improve the ecological environment, such as reducing water pollution. 

Air pollution causes acid rain, which affects humans, animals and plants. Nowadays, with the use of sewage treatment technology, the degree of water pollution has been greatly reduced. 

The rapid increase in population is one of the main reasons for the problem of global warming. The carbon dioxide emitted by human beings every day is an astonishing number. The use of science and technology can greatly improve these problems.

Before pollutants enter the atmosphere, the use of dust removal and smoke removal technology, condensation technology, and liquid absorption technology can reduce the pollution index of the atmosphere. 

Soil pollution from waste discharge is serious. In the past, the most important way for us to dispose of garbage was incineration. Now we use science and technology to improve incinerators and develop new incinerators, making them develop in the direction of green, energy saving and high efficiency. 

The destruction of biodiversity has affected the ecological balance of nature, and the use of biological embryo technology, gene editing technology, etc. has largely preserved endangered species and biodiversity. 

All in all, human beings are using in-depth research on science and technology to change the consumption of environmental resources and climate warming caused by population changes. But in the long run, if we want to deal with this kind of environmental change, we must continue to conduct in-depth scientific and technological research, figure out the law of the chemical cycle and energy flow relationship between the entire biosphere, and better use science and technology to solve ecological environment development. problems, making the ecological environment of human society better and better.

Negative impact

Everything has its two sides, and science and technology are no exception. Although science and technology have promoted and improved the development of the ecological environment, to a certain extent, it may also lead to an imbalance in the ecological environment system. For example, changing the material cycle process in the natural state is often at the cost of sacrificing the environment on which human beings depend for survival. 

While we pay attention to the convenience and improvement brought by science and technology, we ignore the influence of some unfavorable factors. For example, the use of medicinal drugs. When we treat diseases, we only pay attention to the value and significance of medicines to treatment. Even if we know the side effects of medicines, we ignore them. The consequences of science and technology have a process of manifestation. As our knowledge and practical experience increase, these potentially disruptive effects will gradually become apparent. 

First of all, the development of medical technology has greatly increased the survival rate of infants and improved the production and living conditions of human beings. The average age of human beings has continued to increase, and the population has grown rapidly. It affects the living environment of animals and plants in nature. Secondly, gene hybridization technology, transgenic technology, and chemical fertilizer and pesticide technology have continuously improved agricultural productivity and doubled crop yields. 

While solving the problem of food and clothing for human beings, it also caused water pollution and destroyed the ecological balance. For example, while pesticides kill a large number of pests, they also kill many beneficial insects, destroy the trace elements of the land, make a large amount of agricultural land no longer suitable for the growth of crops, and greatly reduce the available arable land area. 

Thirdly, the development of industrial technology has enabled mankind to experience three technological revolutions in history, the age of steam, the age of electricity, and the age of computers. Each age has brought convenience to people’s lives, but also brought negative effects. In the era of the steam engine in the first technological revolution, a large amount of coal was burned, and the emission of sulfur dioxide caused greenhouse gases to produce acid rain, which led to soil acidification, long-term and excessive absorption of aluminum poisoning by plants, and even death. The advent of the internal combustion engine created photochemical smog. 

Today, we have entered the computer age. This intelligent technology has brought great convenience to our production and life, but it has also brought certain negative effects. For example, smartphones bring us convenience, but they also control our lives, causing huge damage to our eyesight, cervical spine, lumbar spine, and shoulders. Finally, even the electric energy considered as “clean energy” will affect the original electromagnetic balance during transmission and movement, damage the human nervous system, change the electrostatic field in which animals live, and affect their serum components.

Coordinated development

Looking back on the past, in the two thousand years since we humans stepped onto the earth, science and technology have been underdeveloped, and they can only meet the needs of human survival, and we have very little understanding of nature. From the Stone Age to the Bronze Age, and then to the Iron Age, human beings have developed science and technology through their own hands and wisdom; in addition to human beings, the natural environment is naturally a step-by-step mentor, which promotes the upgrading of technology. 

All of these show that human technological progress is inseparable from the natural environment. First, rely on scientific and technological innovation to solve ecological and environmental problems. Since it is innovation, we can no longer use the original old method, but negation of negation, abandoning traditional ideas that have no positive effect on us before, and accepting innovative technologies that can maximize economic benefits. For example, in terms of ecological environment governance, we must prevent and control pollution from the source, find ways to control pollution, reduce dependence on the environment, and save a lot of natural resources and energy. 

Second, formulate reasonable policies for the development of environmental resources and protect the ecological environment. When formulating policies, we must consider vigorously developing the green economy and coordinate the relationship between technology and the environment. Only in this way can we better handle the relationship between humans and the ecological environment and live in harmony with nature. 

In terms of policy leadership, we should also vigorously develop productivity and the economy to achieve a moderately prosperous society so that people across the country can live a prosperous life. Poverty can only lead to a large number of people cutting down trees, increasing the area of ​​cultivated land will reduce the forest area, resulting in land desertification, overgrazing will reduce the grassland area, and overfishing of fish and shrimp will reduce the diversity of marine species, and even the disappearance of some species . 

In addition, international cooperation can also be carried out to maintain world peace. The Second World War not only brought great trauma to the human mind, but also caused great damage to the human living environment. According to statistics from some research institutes, the specific battle area where the battle took place has exceeded 3 million square kilometers, an area as large as India. Artificial ditches and foundations have altered the natural topography and destroyed vegetation. Oil spills carried by ships poisoned seabed life in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. 

Today, with the development of science and technology, laser weapons and biochemical weapons with stronger lethality will have even more unimaginable consequences once they are used. Therefore, we must maintain world peace, protect our homeland, and build a beautiful and harmonious global village. 

Finally, the government should play an active role in Ecological development provides policy and legal guarantees, and uses scientific and technological means to vigorously strengthen environmental protection and rationally utilize environmental resources. At the same time, use different methods and strategies according to different situations, develop green technology while protecting the environment, vigorously develop renewable energy, such as tidal energy, wind energy, biomass energy, and solar energy, and at the same time promote energy-saving technologies and alternative energy sources, especially Green and Renewable energy utilization technology makes people’s lifestyles more green and low-carbon, and ultimately realizes the coordinated and sustainable development of a countries’ ecological environment protection and economy.

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